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The Rough Guide to Britain
by Robert Andrews, Jules Brown, Rob Humphreys, Phil Lee, Donald Reid
  If ever a nation were both hostage to and beneficiary of its history, it’s Britain. The single most important thing to remember when travelling here is that you’re visiting not one country, but three: England, Wales and Scotland. For visitors foreign and domestic, that means contending with three capital cities (London, Cardiff and Edinburgh) and three sets of national identity - not to mention the myriad accent shifts as you move between them. More information and prices from: - US dollars - Canadian dollars - British pounds - Euros - Euros

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Dylan Thomas Trail

by Hilary Macaskill

Guided walks, an arts festival and a sea cruise are among the events planned this year in Wales to mark the 50th anniversary of Welsh poet Dylan Thomas’s death. It is an ideal opportunity to visit other literary locations in this beautiful land where music, poetry and the Celtic heritage are given due importance in everyday life.

When Thomas collapsed at New York’s Chelsea Hotel a few days before his death, aged 39, in November 1953, he was on his fourth tour of America, holding audiences spellbound by his readings in his famously mellifluous voice. He was at the height of his literary powers: he had completed “Under Milk Wood”, his “play for voices”, first broadcast by the BBC in 1954, and his lyrical poetry, so rooted in his home country, was known around the world.

Even he might have been surprised by the longevity of his fame and by the extensive preparations for the 50th anniversary of his death. The highlight will be this year’s Dylan Thomas Festival, held annually in his home city of Swansea (also known as the birthplace of actress Catherine Zeta Jones) between the dates of his birth on October 27 and his death on November 9. There will be exhibitions, film shows, guided tours encompassing tableaux from “Under Milk Wood” and readings from his short stories and poems – and more. Swansea is 40 miles from the capital, Cardiff, and reached by train from London in three hours.

Focal point for many anniversary events is the Dylan Thomas Centre – opened in 1995 by former US President Jimmy Carter – in the city’s maritime quarter. Guided walking tours (weekends in July and August) start here, taking in the scenes of his childhood and youth, such as his home at 5 Cwmdonkin Drive, from whose window he could see the “long and splendidly curving shore” of Swansea Bay; and The Little Theatre (now named after him) where, after a brief stint as a journalist on the local paper, he was an actor. Up the coast is the tiny sailing resort of Mumbles, where he spent hours drinking in the pubs.

A Dylan Thomas Sea Cruise, run by Euphoria Sailing, will provide the maritime perspective of Swansea and of Thomas’s beloved Gower peninsula, “one of the loveliest sea coast stretches in the whole of Britain,” culminating in a view of the “great rock of Worm’s Head....a sea-worm of rock pointing into the channel.”

From 1949 onwards, Thomas and his wife Caitlin lived at The Boathouse, an atmospheric home overlooking the beautiful Taf estuary at Laugharne (pronounced ‘Larne’) and now open to the public. The simple shed where he wrote some of his greatest poetry (such as “Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night”, composed as his father was dying) has been restored in time for the anniversary.

Further inland in Carmarthen is Johnston, the small village where his grandfather, a railway worker, was known as Thomas the Guard, and Llangain, where his uncle and aunt worked Fern Hill Farm, inspiration for the poem “Fern Hill”.

Dylan Thomas’s love for the seaside of this part of Wales is well-known and rightly so. Pembrokeshire contains Britain’s only coast-based national park and one of Europe’s finest stretches of coast, renowned for its walking routes and sea birds. Looming behind are the Preseli Hills, from which the stones of Stonehenge were mysteriously transported to Salisbury Plain 4,000 years ago; intersected by pilgrims’ ways and Celtic crosses. This coastline encompasses the small-scale Georgian splendour of steep-streeted Tenby, which holds an annual arts festival each September (20th-27th), as well as the smallest cathedral city: St David’s.

Wales is a land of festivals: others include the Llangollen International Musical Eisteddfod (July 7-13) and Bryn Terfel’s Faenol festival, the internationally known opera singer starring in a series of evening performances at the Faenol Estate, Bangor (August 23-25). Most famous is the National Eisteddfod, held in different parts of the country (this year at Meifod, mid Wales, August 2-9) - the largest and oldest celebration of Welsh culture and language, with ceremonial, choirs and concerts, a poetry competition and the crowning of the bard as its centrepiece.

Behind these celebrations of Wales’s rich literary heritage is the magical, mystical Wales, so well described by another poet who captured the spirit of the country, R.S Thomas in “Welsh Landscape”, which hints at a past history “Brittle with relics, Wind-bitten towers and castles”. There is a rich seam of bardic Welsh literature, myths - the legend of King Arthur is said to have originated here - and stories going back to before the Romans, and written down in the middle ages. Some of these writings are preserved in the National Library of Wales at Aberystwyth, with its outstanding collection of ancient Welsh books and illuminated manuscripts. In nearby Machynlleth, Celtica employs the most modern of technology to explore 2,000 years of Celt history, legend and culture.

There is another, more recent, aspect of Welsh history which is commemorated at Blaenavon, whose industrial landscape of now silent coal-mines and iron-works has recently been declared a World Heritage site.

But this year the spotlight is firmly on Dylan Thomas: many local theatres are staging performances of his works, often in the Welsh language.

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The AA Hotel Guide 2004
Now in its 37th edition, this title covers a wide range, with details of over 800 budget hotels. All the establishments are professionally inspected and rated and range from motorway lodges to luxury hotels. There is a special aditional feature offering information specifically for those less mobile, such as the elderly, or those with disabilities. The book features an improved, larger scale atlas section of London and the "AA's Top 200 Hotels in Britain and Ireland" - a selection recognizing the very best in the guide. There are features on places with connections to famous people - from Mary, Queen of Scots to Charles Dickens - and extra nformation on AA top award winners. The book gives up-to-date details of prices, credit cards accepted and facilities and reservation telephone numbers.
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The Rough Guide to Wales
by Mike Parker, Paul Whitfield
Wales is the most beguiling part of the British Isles. Even its comparative anonymity serves it well: where the tourist dollar has swept away some of the more gritty aspects of local life in parts of Ireland and Scotland, reducing ancient cultures to misty Celtic pastiche, Wales remains brittle and brutal enough to be real, and diverse enough to remain endlessly interesting. Within its small mass of land, Wales boasts some stunning physical attributes. Its mountain ranges, ragged coastline, lush valleys and old-fashioned market towns all invite long and repeated visits. The culture, too, is compelling, whether in its Welsh- or English-language manifestations, its Celtic or its industrial traditions, its ancient cornerstones of belief or its contemporary chutzpah.
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